Home WELLNESS How To Protect Animals And Cattle In A Barn 

How To Protect Animals And Cattle In A Barn 

How To Protect Animals And Cattle In A Barn 

When setting up your cattle farming business, a barn will be a top priority if your area experiences harsh weather or predator attacks. And while cattle may be safe from severe weather, barns also present unique challenges.

Cattle safety is something you cannot compromise on. Unfortunately, none of these measures alone can protect your herd. You’ll need several, if not all, to see results. Whether you are dealing with a predator attack, theft, or disease outbreak, these tips should help protect your cattle in a barn.

From physical harm to diseases and fires, there’s plenty to consider when building a barn. This guide covers how to protect your cattle in a barn.

Fortify Your Defences

Barns are not created equal. Some are more secure than others. For instance, a steel barn protects cattle better and last longer than a wooden barn. But whichever barn you choose, you must ensure it’s sturdy with a secure gate.

Doors should be locked properly to deter thieves and predators. You can also put up predator-proof fencing around the barn or pasture and install coyote rollers if predators can climb over the fence.

Create A Healthy Environment 

Your cattle need a healthy environment to thrive. An unhealthy environment can cause stress and reduce milk production and weight gain. To create a healthy environment, ensure the barn is clean and ventilated.

Waste materials like manure and urine harbours bacteria, parasites, and pathogens that cause diseases. They also produce ammonia and other gases that affect air quality. Clean the barn regularly to prevent disease spread. You can do this by removing manure, dirt, and old feed.

Once in a while, do thorough cleaning by scrubbing and washing with detergent and hot water, and then apply a disinfectant. Regularly clean and disinfect stalls, feeders, and waterers and maintain fresh bedding.

The barn should also have adequate ventilation to prevent moisture buildup and reduce respiratory issues. A barn curtain can provide ventilation, insulation, and light control.

Install A Robust Surveillance System

With a security system, you will know precisely what you are dealing with, how they get into the farm and how they escape. This information lets you enhance your security by sealing all entry points.

Moreover, if you have a guard on standby, they can catch or scare the intruder before hurting or stealing the cattle. Strategically place security cameras to offer maximum coverage. You can integrate them with motion-activated lights and alarms to scare away predators and alert you.

Keep A Guardian Animal

When dealing with predators, you need several strategies to succeed. Even with a good fence, some predators, like coyotes, may squeeze into small openings and get in. Unless you have a night guard on standby, they might attack the cattle before you come out.

But with a guardian animal, it will hear the intruder and respond. For instance, a llama will kick, spit, and charge when threatened by a predator. The best part is that llamas can live within the barn, making predators more likely to be heard.

A guard dog will bark and chase the intruder. Pigs don’t even need to do anything. Their nasty smell keeps predators away. Geese and donkeys are also guard animals you can try. They are easy to maintain and require no training.

Implement Biosecurity Measures

Biosecurity measures are meant to reduce disease transmission to and among cattle. These measures include proper waste disposal and hygiene for handlers and visitors. For instance, visitors and personnel should wear clean boots or footwear covers to prevent the spread of pathogens.

When you bring in new animals, quarantine them for several days before introducing them to the herd. This vital step will allow you to monitor diseases. Moreover, regularly check the herd for diseases and treat diseases quickly to prevent an outbreak. Ensure you vaccinate them on time.

Prevent Accidents And Injuries

A safe barn keeps veterinarians away. Inspect the barn regularly for damage and repair. Address any loose boards or protruding nails. Nails are dangerous because animals could lose sight if a nail pierces the eyes.

You should also maintain proper wiring and equipment to prevent electrical hazards. Keep floors and walkways free of debris and non-slip to prevent falls.

Prepare For Emergency

Failing to prepare is like preparing to fail. If the unfortunate happens, emergency preparedness can reduce fear and losses. Create a fire escape plan and conduct regular fire drills with all personnel. Install fire extinguishers and smoke detectors at strategic locations.

Have an emergency kit containing first-aid supplies, essential tools, and communication equipment for unforeseen situations. Install sensors for environmental monitoring, including temperature and humidity controls, to detect potential hazards like fire or gas leaks.

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